Korean J Schizophr Res Search


Korean J Schizophr Res > Volume 18(2); 2015 > Article
Korean Journal of Schizophrenia Research 2015;18(2):73-78.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.16946/kjsr.2015.18.2.73    Published online October 31, 2015.
Relationship Between Self-Referential Processing and Intrinsic Motivation in Patients with Schizophrenia.
Jung Suk Lee, Eun Seong Kim, Eun Joo Kim, Joohan Kim, Jae Jin Kim
1Department of Psychiatry, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Korea.
2Institute of Behavioral Science in Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. jaejkim@yonsei.ac.kr
3Graduate School of Education, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
4Department of Communication, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
5Department of Psychiatry, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
6Department of Occupational Therapy, Chunnam Techno University, Gokseong, Korea.
The close relationship between impaired self-referential processing and intrinsic motivation in schizophrenia has been suggested, but is not investigated yet. The purpose of this study was to explore the characteristics of self-referential processing and its relationship with intrinsic motivation in patients with schizophrenia.
Nineteen patients with schizophrenia and 24 healthy controls performed a self-referential processing task, in which a face (self, familiar other, or unfamiliar other) and three words (positive, neutral, and negative nouns) were presented. Participants were asked to indicate which word is relevant to the face. Intrinsic motivation and basic psychological needs affecting intrinsic motivation were assessed using self-reports.
Compared to healthy controls, the relevance rating between self-face and neutral word was significantly lower in patients with schizophrenia (p=0.02). In patients with schizophrenia, it was negatively correlated with intrinsic motivation (r=-0.47, p=0.04) and competence (r=-0.47, p=0.05) which is known to influence intrinsic motivation.
These results suggest that there is an impairment in self-referential processing in schizophrenia and it is associated with an impairment in intrinsic motivation. In particular, amotivation in patients with schizophrenia may represent a facet of selfdisorder.
Key Words: Schizophrenia · Self-referential processing · Intrinsic motivation · Basic psychological needs


Browse all articles >

Editorial Office
15 Teheran-ro 82-gil, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 06178, Korea
Tel: +82-2-552-6677    Fax: +82-31-554-2599    E-mail: thanato96@naver.com                

Copyright © 2024 by Korean Society for Schizophrenia Research.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next